Wednesday, May 23, 2007

Danamrk Trap

Trap-Danmark - this is the leading reference work for
 place names and parochial history - THE county history of Denmark
volumes one and two were online but seem to have been taken down
Google Search: Trap-Danmark

Historiearkæologi-portalen vil som forsøg digitalisere Trap-Danmark 1956 udgaven.
I første omgang vil det komme til at dreje sig om bindene
V.1 - Odense Amt
og V.2 - Svendborg Amt

the first edition is also now being digitised
I telephoned Det Kongelige Bibliotek which is doing it but got no clear answer yet.

Historikerportalen -: "På forsøgsbasis er der til Historiker portalen digitaliseret to bind af J. P. Trap, Danmark, 5. udgave fra 1957. Det er bindene om Odense Amt og Svendborg Amt, der til sammen dækker hele Fyn. I Historiker portalen er det muligt at foretage en fuldtekstsøgning i begge bind. Fremvisningen af Trap sker som en digital fremvisning af hver side i bogudgaven, det er derfor muligt at bladre frem og tilbage i de digitale bøger. Som hjælpemiddel er der adgang til en oversigt over:"

trap danmark - Google Search

Kirker i Danmark - en billeddatabase: "Der er 2652 kirker i databasen fordelt på 2349 sogne, 168 herreder og 26 amter, billederne er taget af 215 fotografer.
Der er 9779 links i databasen til yderligere info om kirken og sognet. Prøv at klik på et kirkenavn!
Klik på billedet for at se stor udgave - Klik på sogn, herred eller amt over billedet for at se andre billeder derfra
Klik på kirkens navn for at komme til side med link til yderligere info om kirken og sognet."

Country Survey: Denmark

Denmark has had the present external boundaries since 1920. Going back in history Denmark was much larger than today. Denmark consisted of Norway, Scleswig-Holstein, southern part of Sweden and present day Denmark. In 1658 we lost the Southern part of Sweden (Skaane, Halland, Blekinge) which had been Danish until then. In 1814 we lost Norway to Sweden. In 1864 we lost Schleswig -Holstein and the southern part of Jutland to Germany. In 1920 we were reunited with the southern part of Jutland and the borders have not changed since then.

The internal boundaries - that is the internal borders in the geographical area as they are today - have remained rather stable. The units did not change much over time even if the borders changed.

Most of the units that we use today can be found in sources from app. 1000.

It is assumed that the oldest and smallest unit - the parish ('sogn') - was used even before Denmark became Christianised. A parish is defined as an area where all visit and pay to the same church. From the Middle Ages until the Reformation in 1536 did the parish boundaries not change. After the Reformation some of the smallest parishes were abolished and united with into bigger parishes. Due to the wars in the 17th century many churches were plundered and never rebuilt with the result that the parish to that church was abolished. But since 1660 has the parish boundaries remained stable to a very large degree. In the towns some new parishes has been introduced due to the growing number of people in this century.

The district ('herred') is an old unit but its origin is not clear. Possibly it’s a unit that was large enough to equip a certain amount of soldiers and horses. The district normally comprise 5-15 parishes and the districts were most often defined by natural boundaries such as rivers, hills etc. After the reformation in 1536 Denmark was divided into deaneries which were identical with the districts. Over time some differences arose between the two units when used for temporal or clerical purposes. The clerical purpose became the predominant use. The identical area of deaneries and districts was abolished in 1806 when the deaneries and the counties became identical. The districts have been used as the basis for many administrative purposes as e.g. a base unit in the censuses. The use of the districts as they were in 1688 and 1844 is used in the contemporary source entry project for census records.

in saxon England this is the hundred see also:-

Hundred (country subdivision) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A wapentake is a term derived from the Old Norse vápnatak [2], ... In Yorkshire, a Norse wapentake usually replaced several Anglo-Saxon hundreds.

The county ('amt') is a unit based on the older unit fief.


The counties were introduced by law in 1662 and have been changed in 1793 because the counties were very unequal in size and population. The reform of the counties in 1793 has remained rather stable until 1970.

Some changes have been made between 1793 and 1970 but care has been taken not to divide a district between two counties. In 1920 when the southern part of Jutland were reunited with Denmark 4 new counties were added. The counties were named after the biggest town in the county.

In 1970 smaller counties were merged and in 2007 the counties were abolished and replaced by five districts for thepurpose of taxation and funding hospitals in particular.

Any history of danish geography and census should look at the conscription rolls and taxation systems too.


Country Surveys

These reports are sets of answers to a standard questionnaire.

index: "The workshop was held at the European University Institute, Florence, Italy, June 2nd to 4th, 2000. Funded by the European Science Foundation under their Exploratory Workshops in the Humanities Programme, the meeting was for a limited number of participants, but we are reporting back to a meeting at the International Congress of Historical Sciences in Oslo, from 14:00 to 17:00 on Thursday 10 August.2000"


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