Tuesday, October 04, 2005

BRISANT seen on German TV now ARD

Die Todesfalle aus dem Wald DasErste.de

Die Diagnose klang für Peter Heckel wie ein Todesurteil: Fuchsbandwurm. Wann und wo sich der passionierte Reiter mit dem Parasiten infiziert hat, ist nicht mehr nachzuvollziehen.

and so wash the blackberries before you eat them or make them into jam.

fagot Heckel, - Google Image Search

Art/Museums: Arcadia and Metropolis, Masterworks of German Expressionism from the Nationalgallerie Berlin at the Neue Gallerie Museum of German and Austrian Art: "Erich Heckel, "

Erich Heckel, - Google Image Search

Wilhelm Heckel 1831 - Google Search: "The company Wilhelm Heckel GmbH, founded in 1831 in Wiesbaden, is without doubt
one of the oldest workshops for the construction of woodwind-instruments."
why the surname HECKEL interests me

Fuchsbandwurm - Wikipedia: " (Echinococcus multilocularis) " domestic cats and dogs

CDC - Echinococcus multilocularis: An Emerging Pathogen in Hungary and Central Eastern Europe?: "Echinococcus multilocularis is the causative agent of alveolar echinococcosis in humans. The life cycle of this tapeworm is indirect and sylvatic; eggs shed by the definitive host, mainly the Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes) in Europe, develop to the metacestode stage in arvicolid rodents, which serve as intermediate hosts. In accidental cases, humans as aberrant intermediate hosts may also acquire E. multilocularis infection by egg ingestion. Although a rare disease in humans, alveolar echinococcosis is of considerable public health importance because it can be lethal in up to 100% of untreated patients (1). Treatment is still difficult, and therapy may cost $300,000 per patient (1)."

The parasite has an extensive geographic distribution in the Northern Hemisphere, including parts of North America (Alaska, Canada, and some of the lower contiguous states of the United States), Asia (some of the newly independent states of the former Soviet Union, China, and Japan), and some European countries. Until the end of the 1980s, parasite-endemic areas in Europe were known to exist only in France, Switzerland, Germany, and Austria (2). In the 1990s and early 2000s, the infection rate of foxes increased drastically in some areas of France and Germany; several new endemic foci were detected in Switzerland, Germany, and Austria; and the parasite was reported from the surrounding countries, including The Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Poland, the Czech Republic, the Slovak Republic, and Italy (1,3,4). Here we report E. multilocularis infection from Red Foxes in the northern areas of Hungary and give a possible explanation for the spreading of the parasite from the west to the east.

Figure 1

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Figure 1. Echinococcus multilocularis isolated from a fox in Hungary...

Figure 2

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Figure 2. Nested polymerase chain reaction amplification of mitochondrial 12S rRNA gene from five Hungarian Echinococcus multilocularis isolates...
Carcasses of Red Foxes sent to the Central Veterinary Institute, Budapest, from January to July 2002, in connection with the rabies immunization and control program, were included in this study.

Of 100 foxes (18 subadults and 82 adults) examined during the screening of the parasitologic status of the foxes in 15 counties in Hungary, 5 adults shot in April and May 2002 were found to be infected with 2, 3, 5, 6, and 254 mature worms of Echinococcus, respectively

The appearance of E. multilocularis in Hungary might be explained by changes in the size of the Red Fox population in Central and Central Eastern Europe. From the 1970s, a continuous increase in the size of the Red Fox population was observed in Switzerland and Germany, probably as a consequence of the initiation of the antirabies vaccination programs (2). The larger population led to a continuous migration of young foxes from territories with high population density toward those with lower density, i.e., partly eastward

Division of Parasitic Diseases - Alveolar Echinococcosis Fact Sheet: "

Alveolar Echinococcosis
(al-VEE-oh-ler ee-keye-ni-kah-KOH-sis)

What is Alveolar Echinococcosis?
Where has AE been found?

How does infection occur in foxes, coyotes, dogs, and other cats?
Can animals be tested for E. multilocularis tapeworms?
How can I be infected with AE?
How likely am I to be infected with AE?
What are the symptoms of AE?
How can I find out if I have AE?
What is the treatment for AE?
How can I prevent AE?

What is Alveolar Echinococcosis (AE)?
AE disease results from being infected with the larval stage of Echinococcus multilocularis, a microscopic tapeworm (1-4 millimeters) found in foxes, coyotes, dogs, and cats. Although human cases are rare, infection in humans causes parasitic tumors to form in the liver, and, less commonly, the lungs, brain, and other organs. If left untreated, infection with AE can be fatal."

Wild foxes, coyotes, and cats get infected when they eat Echinococcus multilocularis larvae in infected rodents, field mice, or voles. Cats are less susceptible than dogs, but because they catch and eat rodents often, may also become infected. Once the animal becomes infected, the tapeworm matures in its intestine, produces eggs, and the infected animal passes eggs in the stool. These tapeworm eggs, which are directly infectious to other animals, are too tiny to see, and will stick to anything with which they come in contact. Coyotes, foxes, dogs, and cats are not harmed by the tapeworm and do not have symptoms of AE.

Symptoms may mimic those of liver cancer and cirrhosis of the liver.

What is the treatment for AE?
Surgery is the most common form of treatment for AE, although removal of the entire parasite mass is not always possible. After surgery, medication may be necessary to keep the cyst from growing back.

Do not collect or eat wild fruits or vegetables picked directly from the ground. All wild-picked foods should be washed carefully or cooked before eating.

Normal but good pet hygiene - wash hands no kissing !


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