Saturday, February 07, 2009

1709 and frost

1709: The year that Europe froze - environment - 07 February 2009 - New Scientist: "People across Europe awoke on 6 January 1709 to find the temperature had plummeted. A three-week freeze was followed by a brief thaw - and then the mercury plunged again and stayed there. From Scandinavia in the north to Italy in the south, and from Czechoslovakia in the east to the west coast of France, everything turned to ice. The sea froze. Lakes and rivers froze, and the soil froze to a depth of a metre or more. Livestock died from cold in their barns, chicken's combs froze and fell off, trees exploded and travellers froze to death on the roads. It was the coldest winter in 500 years.

IN ENGLAND they called the winter of 1709 the Great Frost"

Friday, February 06, 2009

Fair Usage policy for subscribers | findmypast blog

Fair Usage policy for subscribers | findmypast blog: "These are not a new addition to the site and nor has the 1000 credit/month limit changed - in fact this has been in place since we started offering subscriptions in December 2005."

but no knowledgable customer likes you guys - we feel we are being treated as cash cows not people - and you have thus aquired a bad image with many unfinished databases.

Thursday, February 05, 2009

Thruston Family of Virginia from Bristol

Probably one of the most interesting and satisfactory family records preserved in America is that of the Thruston family. This family came to Virginia from the city of Bristol, which contributed so much to the settlement of Virginia."
Transcribed by Kathy Merrill for the USGenWeb Archives Special Collections Project - Google Search

older Family Tree Maker online support

Olive Tree Genealogy Blog:

Olive Tree Genealogy Blog

Updates about Olive Tree Genealogy and other FREE genealogy records. Helping you find your family tree and ancestry.

Olive Tree Genealogy Blog: Another Genealogical Mystery Solved: "Grandma always told me that her little brother drowned in Ramsgate Harbour at the age of 18 and that was why she herself was terrified of the ocean and never swam. In fact when I was a little girl and went to stay with her one summer, she would only let me have about 1 inch of water in the bathtub!

I never thought to question Grandma's story.... but on looking through Doris' Genealogy Box I spotted a receipt in the name of Ernie Simpson. . . . . " has an amateurish and greedy attitude - Terms and Conditions: "Fair Usage Policy for Subscribers

6.1 To ensure a high quality service for all customers, we enforce a “Fair Usage Policy” for Users with a Subscription whereby we place a cap on use of the Services. We have set the current use limit at an average of no more than 1000 Credits per month over a rolling three month period.

6.2 We may revise our Fair Usage Policy from time to time and will advise you of any changes made.

6.3 If you exceed the Fair Usage Policy limits, We reserve the right to invoice you retrospectively for all Credits used at the rate of 12 pence per Credit and to suspend or terminate your use of the Services"

new boys on the block should learn from TGN :-

- "Limited Use LICENSE

You are licensed to use the Content only for personal or professional family history research, and may download Content only as search results relevant to that research. The download of the whole or significant portions of any work or database is prohibited. Resale of a work or database or portion thereof, except as specific results relevant to specific research for an individual, is prohibited.

Online or other republication of Content is prohibited except as unique data elements that are part of a unique family history or genealogy. Violation of this License may result in immediate termination of your membership and may result in legal action for injunction, damages or both. You may use access software provided on the Service only while on line and may not download, copy, reuse or distribute that software, except where it is clearly stated in connection with software that it is made available for offline use and a license for that use is provided in connection with that software."

Terms and Conditions for FOOTNOTE: "User Conduct hereby grants you permission to use the Website according to these Terms of Service. All Users, whether a Visitor, Member or All-Access Member, agree that they will use the Website for personal historical research only and not for any commercial purpose. Notwithstanding the previous sentence, professional researchers, professional historians and others conducting scholarly research may use the Website within the scope of their professional work. does not claim a copyright to images already in the public domain that it has then converted into a digital format. However, through agreements we have obtained, and may continue to obtain, certain images or documents that are protected by copyrights or that, even if in the public domain, are subject to restrictions on reuse. Unless such specific restrictions apply, we encourage Members to reproduce public domain images from the Website for their own personal use."

World Vital Records Terms and Conditions: "We are so sure that you will get valuable genealogy information and family history help with your World Vital Records subscription that we offer a 30 day money back guarantee. If at anytime during your first 30 days of membership you do not get your money's worth simply call us on our toll free number at 1-888-377-0588 and request a refund. We will gladly refund your total membership amount. Simple as that! This money back guarantee applies to all World Vital Records membership plans and does not apply to any shipped products."

Naturalization Records in USA

Naturalization Records: "The first naturalization law was created on March 26, 1790. This law provided that aliens to the United States could apply for citizenship provided that they were “free white persons” of “good moral character” and lived for two years in the United States plus one year in the state in which they were living. If they met those qualifications they could file for a Petition for Naturalization. He would take an oath of allegiance and become a citizen.

The Act of 1795 required that aliens had to live in the United States for five years and two in the state of residence. This act now required an extra step, the Declaration of Intention. The immigrants had to go their local court and complete the declaration of intention or “first papers.” This had to be completed three years prior to the formal application for citizenship.

The Naturalization Act of 1798 required that aliens had to live in the United States for fourteen years and aliens from countries that were at war with the United States were prohibited from applying for naturalization. This law was repealed in 1802 and the residency laws of 1795 were reinstated. The Act of April 14, 1802 also provided that aliens had to present two witnesses that could verify their time of residence within the United States. . . . . "

Naturalization Records

History of the Naturalization Laws
How to Access the on-line records
On-line Index

. . . . Until 1906, there were too many variations in the naturalization procedure. The Naturalization Act of June 29, 1906 declared standard fees and forms and created the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization. This act also required proficiency of the English language. Jurisdiction over naturalization had changed hands numerous times. The Secretary of the Treasury oversaw it from 1882 to 1891 when the Superintendent of Immigration office was created within the Treasury Department. Jurisdiction was later moved to the Department of Labor. In 1940 it was again transferred to the Department of Justice under the office of Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS).

In 2003 the Immigration and Naturalization service moved to the Department of Homeland Security and became the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services.

Sources cited:
Prologue, Vol. 30, No.2, Summer 1998

Wednesday, February 04, 2009

Barn Raising Tasks on Wiki

England Barn Raising Tasks - FamilySearch Wiki: "Welcome to the England barn raising page! A wiki barn raising is a short, focused community effort to create or revise content relating to a single topic such as 'getting started with genealogical research in England.' The following tasks need to be accomplished during the England barn raising in February 2009. Please volunteer to complete one or more tasks by adding your name to this list. Before you can add your name to the list below, you must register.. After you have registered:"

Southern Sweden genealogy in particular

Scanian Genealogy

scangen :: genealogy in scandinavia

scangen :: genealogy in scandinavia:
"Search the web intelligently! Combine first name, last name, location and dates for birth and death to find genealogical data from a large number of Swedish web sites and databases totaling more than 20 million records! Click to directly access the data and get additional information such as family, pedigrees and descendants. Some of the database entries require membership and password.

Keep in mind that the quality of these web sites can differ a lot and you should always double check any information in primary sources before relying on them. ScanGen takes no responsability for accuracy or possible personal integrity issues regarding the search results. The original web sites are solely responsible for whatever information this search engine will retrieve."

scangen :: genealogy in scandinavia:

"Efterlysningsforum - Lägg in en ny efterlysning (enter a new query on their notice board)"
scangen :: genealogy in scandinavia: "ScanGen mailing list
Denna sida på svenska

This is a mailing list for genealogists with an interest in the Swedish provinces Skåne (Scania), Blekinge and Halland. Queries about 'lost' relatives and discussion of research problems, information about upcoming events, hints about good books and Internet sites etc belong here.

The list is unmoderated and the language is Swedish (English is also OK)."

Forum queries are also distributed to the list, but must be answered in the forum.

Read older posts in the archives at Yahoo Groups. Follow this link:
ScanGen at Yahoo Groups

scangen Intressanta länkar" - links to useful sites :: genealogy in scandinavia: "

Summary in English

This site contains information about genealogical research in the province of Skåne in the very south of Sweden.

You may have your research queries published free of charge on this site, easily accessed by anyone surfing by. Enjoy!

A new service started in 2007 is the "Genealogy Beeper", which is a smarter way to "google" for all the data hiding in private genealogy homepages in Sweden.

If you would like to get in touch with over 550 genealogists and discuss your research, the Scangen mailing list is available. The discussions are mostly in Swedish, but contributions in other languages are also welcome. We have quite a few English-speaking members and almost all Swedes understand the language.

Don't miss the Wide Database Search. Here you can search a number of Swedish and international databases from a single page.

An extensive links section is also available.

A selection of research projects are published, including name indices to some publications.

Regular visitors will find the page with changes and additions useful.

Visit also the Medieval Genealogy site

Tuesday, February 03, 2009

Denmark place names

Krabsens stednavnebase.: "Here you have the possibility of searching in a database, containing 44871 Danish place names with info about their Parish, Community and County according to the county-organisation of 1970."

National Genealogical Society USA

Help with the 1875 Norway Census

from my email:-

For Immediate Release
02 February 2009

Volunteers Rally to Bring Last National Census Online
1875 Norway Census Transcription Initiative Is Underway

SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH—FamilySearch International, the University of Tromsø, and DIS-Norge announced today a joint initiative to transcribe the 1875 Norway Census for free online access. It is the only Norway census that has not been indexed and the first to be tackled as a global, Internet-based effort. Volunteers who can read Norwegian are being sought to complete the project at (Go to, then click Index Records, and then click Volunteer.)

The 1875 Norway Census is valuable to researchers because it was the last national census taken just before the great Norwegian immigration period that started in 1878. Researchers will not have to wait much longer for convenient, online access to the historic census. FamilySearch digitized the census images and is using its Web-based transcription tool and volunteers to create the automated index. The University of Tromsø and DIS-Norge are sponsoring the project, but many more online volunteers are needed to transcribe the 1.6 million individuals found in the tens of thousands of census sheets.
Although FamilySearch has done other major international indexing projects, this is the first one for Norway. “The biggest challenge is the Norwegian handwriting and names,” said Jeff Svare, collection management specialist. “Most of FamilySearch’s current volunteers are not skilled at reading Norwegian names or handwriting. Native Norwegian volunteers would be much more effective and efficient at transcribing the required information from the census sheets,” concluded Svare.

Volunteering is simple. Volunteers with Internet access register online at Once they have downloaded the transcription software, there is an optional, but very helpful, tutorial. They then select the Norway 1875 Census project, and a digital image of a census page will appear. The volunteers then enter the highlighted information they see on their computer screen. That information is saved and compiled online in an index that will be made freely available to the public. Each batch should take about 30 minutes.

Indexers do not need to worry about their skill level at reading censuses. Each census page is transcribed by two different indexers. Any discrepancies between the two entries will be arbitrated by a third indexer. The result is a highly accurate, free index of tremendous value to family history enthusiasts. The more online volunteers that help, the quicker the free census index will be available online for all to enjoy and benefit from.

There are other hidden benefits to volunteering. Volunteers become familiar with historical documents, the valuable stories they can conceal, and their usefulness and application to genealogical research.

The FamilySearch Records Access program has already generated over 500 million names and images through its volunteer initiatives. The collections can be searched for free at (Go to, then click Search Records, and then click Record Search pilot.)

Gunnar Thorvaldson, professor of history and manager of research for the Norwegian Historical Data Centre at the University of Tromsø, said, “The University welcomes the cooperation with the FamilySearch Center to extend our sample of computerized entries from the 1875 census for Norway. This will significantly increase the potential use of the first high quality Norwegian census both in statistical and ancestry-related research."

“We are happy to be able to assist FamilySearch in indexing the 1875 Norway Census,” said Torill Johnsen, president of DIS-Norge. “Lots of important genealogical information has limited access because it is still only available on paper in archives and libraries. Online access to those reliable sources makes it available for genealogists from their own computer when they want it. Active involvement from volunteers will hasten the completion of the 1875 Norway Census and increase the number of digitally accessible sources,” added Johnsen.

FamilySearch manages the largest collection of genealogical records worldwide. In 2007 it announced plans to begin digitizing and indexing its collection for broader, more economic online access—starting with popular collections like the U.S., Canada, and U.K. censuses. FamilySearch has created free online indexes to date for the 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, and 1900 U.S. Censuses. FamilySearch is working with The Generations Network to provide enhanced, free indexes for the remaining U.S. censuses.



FamilySearch International is the largest genealogy organization in the world. Millions of people use FamilySearch records, resources, and services to learn more about their family history. To help in this great pursuit, FamilySearch has been actively gathering, preserving, and sharing genealogical records worldwide for over 100 years. FamilySearch is a nonprofit organization sponsored by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Patrons may access FamilySearch services and resources free online at or through over 4,500 family history centers in 70 countries, including the main Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah.

Monday, February 02, 2009


olderman: "Da bagernes oldermand løb af lære, fordi han fik klø

Uddrag af et interview i Berlingske Tidende med N. Chr. Jønsson i anledning af hans 70-års fødselsdag den 11. september 1943

Kun en nat fri i fire år
- Jeg kom i lære i 1887, og jeg må sige, at der er meget stor forskel på arbejdsforholdene dengang og nu. Dengang arbejdede vi således hver nat uden undtagelse. I hele min fire års læretid havde jeg kun fri en eneste nat, og det fik jeg bare ved, at jeg løb af lære.

- Hvorfor?

- Fordi jeg havde fået så mange øretæver. Det var daglig kost dengang. Nu skal man jo være mere forsigtig med lærlingene. Men jeg tror for resten, at vi, der stod i lære i den hårde tid, fik mere rygrad bagefter, end de unge mennesker gør nu.

Min fader bragte mig straks hen i lærepladsen igen, og det er jeg glad for. Hvis han ikke havde gjort det, havde jeg f.eks. slet ikke fået min løn, som for de fire læreår var på 200 kr. plus kost og logi."

"Familien Jönsson fra Sverige

Da Karla Jönsson blev gift med Axel Jørgensen den 25. august 1822, kom et helt nyt element ind i den Jørgensenske familie. Hun var af en slægt, der var indvandret til Danmark fra Sverige. Om hendes oldefader Jöns Jönsson ved vi kun, at han var skomager, antagelig i Åkarp i Malmöhus len, hvor sønnen med samme navn var født i 1849. Sønnen blev udlært som smed og giftede sig i 1877 med Elna Nielsdatter fra landsbyen Benestad ved Tomelilla. Det var sløjt med arbejde på den tid, og Jöns og Elna besluttede sig til at udvandre til Helsingør i Danmark. Der var godt arbejde at få for en smedesvend på det temmelig nystartede skibsværft fra 1882 – at tage helt til Amerika og den store usikkerhed derovre lokkede dem ikke."

The Brøgger Chronicle

The Brøgger Chronicle:
"My father went, as a very young man to work for 'the Great Northern Telegraph Company' in Newcastle, he stayed there during the First War, after the war he was posted to Helsinki in Finland, on the way he stayed for a short visit at the telegraph station in Gothenborg in Sweden where my mother was employed as a telegraphist. Sweet music occured, and she followed him to Helsinki as his wife, and during the next few years produced 2 baby-boys, myself in March- 1925, and my brother Svend in November 1926 . . . .

So on the morning of May the 5th 1945 the Danish brigade marched into Copenhagen, and although the real celebrations had been the evening before, when the Liberation Message came over the radio, there was plenty of dancing and jubilation. The Resistance Movement were busy rounding up and arresting collaborators, nazi-symphatizers and the danish traitors who had joined the Hipo-corps.....and for that matter, anybody whom they didn't like (the night of the long knives)

Within a few days the brigade was dispersed all over the country, to take over boring guard duties, the enourmous amounts of material left by the Germans was ofcourse Allied War Loot and Danforce being part of the Allied Expeditionary Forces, it became our burden to guard it.
This turned out a bit of a dilemma, especially for my company.

We were guarding a huge depot of German One-Man submarines in the North of Jutland, each one of them stored on a huge trailer with 64 strong and brand new truck-wheels, which were slowly deteriorating, whilst thousands of Danish lorries were grounded due to lack of tyres, and so of course the inevitable happened. We, the Danish Brigade, organized the distribution of those thousands of tyres to our countrymen

The British Army

When the Danish Brigade was disbanded, at the end of the summer -45, I prepared to start my enginering studies, but the times in Denmark were unrestfull, and I was unrestfull and when a British recruiting office was opened i Copenhagen, ( the war with Japan was not over yet ) I was one of the first to volunteer my services.

The Buffs, Canterbury

We were a group of 81 Danes who left Copenhagen for Canterbury in December - 1945. We were heading for "The Buffs", The Royal East Kent Regiment, which had longstanding relations with the Danish Royal House. We all spoke English rather well, and on arrival at the Buffs headqarter in Canterbury, we were all promoted to lancecorporals and "interpreters" in order to assist the instructors to handle the 3-4000 Danes who arrived during the next few months and most of whom did not speak very much English, if any at all!!!


When I returned to Denmark from my service in the British Army in thr early summer of -48 I din't know quite what to do with myself. On the one hand I wanted to go to the school of engineering, as I'd allways wanted, but for one thing, I just didn't see how I would finance four years of studying, and I didn't feel sure that I would be able to go through with it, having been an officer of the Queen and commander of men for a couple of years. So after some thinking, I borrowed a little money from my mother and set myself up as a chicken farmer in a small village on Seeland called Ørslev. It went badly from the start, and soon I found myself spending more and more time i nearby Copenhagen, where lots of things were happening
back to the Index"

Petition for better access to vital records in UK

Petition to: Allow full and open access to registers of Birth, Marriage and Death from 1837 to 1908. | "Having full and open access to the registers of births, marriages and deaths from 1837 to 1908 will make it easier for genealogists to research the records and ensure they get the copies they require. If copies were put on the internet this would simplify the process.

These records are over a hundred years old and should now be accessible to all with a small fee to cover the cost of copying the originals."

Sunday, February 01, 2009

British newapapers at Colindale / Weekend Columnists / Matthew Engel - Dispatch from Colindale:
"Colindale, home of the British Library’s newspaper section, traditionally the final resting place of the old newspapers of Britain and much of the world.

Except that the resting place is no longer final. Next year, the lease runs out on one of the library’s two buildings here. In 2012, Colindale will close completely, along with its 28 miles of shelving. Nearly 700,000 bound volumes of old papers and magazines, dating back to 1631, will be re-interred in the distant Yorkshire fastness of Boston Spa.

There is nothing like it anywhere else. American newspaper archives are scattered and incomplete; the French and German collections suffered severely from war damage. In Britain, the 17th-century bookseller George Thomason squirrelled away more than 7,000 pamphlets, news sheets and the like from the civil war and Oliver Cromwell’s rule, which represented the first embryonic indication of the brawling, sprawling press that was to come. “I believe the whole secret of the 17th century is involved in that hideous mass of rubbish,” wrote Thomas Carlyle. A century after Thomason, the classicist and obsessive Charles Burney bound 700 volumes of early newspapers. The nation acquired both collections.

After 1869, all British newspapers, and those of its colonies, were obliged by law to deposit a copy of every issue. That law still applies, and the library continues to collect 190 overseas titles as well. You might say there is now 28 miles of hideous rubbish.

Since the 1940s, the library has been shifting old and new papers on to microfilm, and now has 45 people engaged in the task.

When Colindale shuts, the microfilm and computerised versions will be available at the main British Library next to St Pancras station,

THE BRITISH LIBRARY - The world's knowledge: "We hold 14 million books, 920,000 journal and newspaper titles, 58 million patents, 3 million sound recordings, and so much more. Start exploring here."

Kirklees War Memorials

Kirklees War Memorials: "The individual web pages for the respective War Memorials within Kirklees Metropolitan Council are the sites that the Council are responsible for in relation to their upkeep and maintenance.

This responsibility was devolved to Local Government from Central Government in the early 1980s and as such the Council have been carrying out this responsibility ever since.

The 39 Memorials to date include brief descriptions, which may eventually be described in more detail, in addition to the ones, at Golcar, and Thornhill.

The Council would welcome any additional information with regards to the designers, the builders, dedication services / opening ceremonies and by whom, dates and press coverage etc.

The information detailed to date includes the names of all the men and women who lost their lives, and in some cases acknowledge that they served for His Majesty the King and more recently Her Majesty the Queen.

By following the instructions it is possible to locate any name from the ‘Search’ facility or alternatively if the person is known on a certain Memorial this can be accessed directly following the relevant directions.

In addition to these 39 there are the Plaques and Memorials in the respective Town Halls, Batley, Cleckheaton, Dewsbury and Huddersfield and Libraries again the responsibility of the Council.

There are a very large number, estimated to be in the region of another 200 sites where Plaques and Memorials exist, in Schools, Churches and Chapels, Colleges, Village Halls, Public Houses, Post Offices, Police Stations, Drill Halls, Sports Grounds and Working Men’s Clubs. "

Comedy of Errors

Comedy of Errors:

"The story of the civil registration of births, marriages and deaths in England and Wales in the 1800s,
by Michael Whitfield Foster

After six years of preparatory work, special and unprecedented permission from the Registrar General for three periods of unique research at the General Register Office (the GRO) in Southport has allowed me to explore the structures and workings of this national record system. The organisation and processes of the system have been revealed for the first time. This has produced a fascinating story of the many many ways in which the records have suffered from errors and omissions. Working directly within the GRO records has produced results far exceeding any of my prior expectations."

History of Australian Theatre

Welcome to HAT- The History of Australian Theatre Archive. HAT is a non profit website that aims to encourage the study of Australian Theatre History. It has a large database of people associated with Australian theatre history, articles about theatre history, short biographies from the newspapers, autographs , historic pictures of theatres and performers and links to other websites. It also has information about Houdini's Tour of Australia and a section on Australian Magic History.

HAT has a message board which enables people to discuss their theatrical ancestors or to ask questions about theatre history.