Saturday, December 20, 2008

England and Wales 1911 Census beta test

Welcome to the official 1911 Census website: "Use the census to search for your ancestors

The 1911 census is a record of everyone who lived in England and Wales in 1911. It provides a unique snapshot of the lives of your ancestors. brings this vast resource to you online, so that you can search the census simply and quickly to discover how your family lived in the past. is the official census website, in association with the National Archives.

PLEASE NOTE: This is a BETA version of the site and is not complete, though most features work."

Friday, December 19, 2008

Legacy Tree Genealogy

Legacy Tree Genealogy - Am I related to someone famous or to royalty?: "Note that this tool uses the Ancestral File to determine how you are related to famous people. There are many known problems with the accuracy of the family trees in this database, so it's always best to verify this information with original records.

If you were unsuccessful in finding an Ancestral File number for any of your relatives, you may be able to find related famous ancestors through compiled genealogies (family trees others have already researched). Y"

Legacy Tree Genealogy - Frequently Asked Questions: "Q: Why do you charge your clients only $40 an hour to work on their lines, but most other companies charge $50-80?
A: We could charge the same amount others do but we choose to give our clients the best possible service at very reasonable rates. We make this possible through keeping our overhead low as well as through relying on word of mouth advertising as much as possible.

Q: Do you charge more for international research?
A: We do, but the charge is minimal. Our additional charge is only $5 per hour--half what most other genealogy companies charge.

Q: How do I know if the genealogists who work with Legacy Tree GenealogyTM are up to par?
A: Visit our genealogists page to see the experience and credentials of the genealogists on our team. Your can also click here to see what our clients have to say about our work. . . . . "

Legacy Tree Genealogy - Our Professional Genealogists: "Our team of professional genealogists and historians covers most areas of the globe and has researched almost any genealogical problem there is."

Thursday, December 18, 2008

Who Do You Think You Are? Live - 2009

Who Do You Think You Are? Live - DNA

DNA is an exciting new area of the show this year, featuring exhibitors including DNA Worldwide, Family Genetics and Family Tree DNA.

DNA testing, as used to research the family history of Colin Jackson on Who Do You Think You Are?, can now perform a number of functions, including confirming links where no conventional source record exists and identifying where ancestors have migrated to.

Megan Smolenyak, Chief Family Historian for, will be speaking on the subject of DNA on the LIVE stage, and we are proud to present our brand new DNA Workshop, supported by Family Tree DNA where a programme of lectures and workshops will help to address some of the issues surrounding DNA testing.

Speakers in the DNA Workshop will include

Michael Hammer, PhD - Director of the Genome Analysis and Technology Core at the University of Arizona, and Chief Family Tree DNA Scientist
Doron Behar, MD, PhD - Chief mtDNA Scientist at Family Tree DNA and National Geographic's Genographic Associate Researcher
Max Blankfeld - VP Operations at Family Tree DNA
Katherine Hope Borges - Director of International Society of Genetic Genealogy

Advances in DNA research and the increasing availability of this technology have had huge implications for genealogists, and it is easy to see the potential for DNA testing, so come along and meet some of our exhibitors to find out more.

and I will be on an even bigger Society of Genealogists "Ask the experts"

Wednesday, December 17, 2008

Nygaards Sedler

Nygaards Sedler is a card index at the Danish National Archives

from my email:-

Sigvard Nygårds seddelapparat vedr. "Jyske Personalia" - i daglig tale
"Nygårds Sedler" - har nu i 95 år kun været tilgængelig for folk der
havde mulighed for at komme på Rigsarkivet

Efter et godt og vel et års forarbejde, og foreløbig et par måneders
egentlig produktion, kan vi nu vise de første ca. 35.000 sedler, med
tilhørende søgbart navneregister, på nettet. Hver dag kommer yderligere
ca. 6-800 nye til.

Se også omtalen på:

Med ønsket om en rigtig god slægtsforskerjul og et godt nytår til jer
alle - fra projektgruppe, fotografer og indtastere og på Projekt Nygårds

-- mvh, A:\Feldborg
Slægtsforskning og lokalhistorie i midt- vestjylland

How to Customize the MacFamilyTree Toolbar :

I'm Ben Sayer, a family historian and Mac user from Ann Arbor, Michigan. For more information about this site or me, start with the about page

DDSS - Demografisk Databas Södra Sverige

DDSS - Demografisk Databas Södra Sverige: "Vårt långsiktiga mål är att alla kyrkböcker över födda, vigda och döda för Skåne, Blekinge och Halland ska registreras för perioden 1650-1900 och vara fritt sökbara på Internet."

new database of births, marriages and deaths in Skåne, Blekinge och Halland in southern Swedenn from 1650-1900 - under construction Poster i databasen: 1,390,046 so far

Tuesday, December 16, 2008

Tauf-Buch - Google Search

Tauf-Buch - Google Search
a useful word to remember

Translation Taufbuch in the German-English Collins dictionary

Taufbuch translation German - English :
Taufbuch Taufbuch nt baptismal register

… . German - English, Collins dictionary, synonyms, translation.

Boy or girl? It’s in the father's genes

SpringerLink - Journal Article: "Trends in Population Sex Ratios May be Explained by Changes in the Frequencies of Polymorphic Alleles of a Sex Ratio Gene"

Corry Gellatly1 Contact Information

(1) Evolutionary Biology Group, Newcastle University, 4th Floor William Leech Building, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4HH, UK

Received: 8 August 2008 Accepted: 5 November 2008 Published online: 10 December 2008

Abstract A test for heritability of the sex ratio in human genealogical data is reported here, with the finding that there is significant heritability of the parental sex ratio by male, but not female offspring. A population genetic model was used to examine the hypothesis that this is the result of an autosomal gene with polymorphic alleles, which affects the sex ratio of offspring through the male reproductive system. The model simulations show that an equilibrium sex ratio may be maintained by frequency dependent selection acting on the heritable variation provided by the gene. It is also shown that increased mortality of pre-reproductive males causes an increase in male births in following generations, which explains why increases in the sex ratio have been seen after wars, also why higher infant and juvenile mortality of males may be the cause of the male-bias typically seen in the human primary sex ratio. It is concluded that various trends seen in population sex ratios are the result of changes in the relative frequencies of the polymorphic alleles of the proposed gene. It is argued that this occurs by common inheritance and that parental resource expenditure per sex of offspring is not a factor in the heritability of sex ratio variation.

Keywords Sex ratio - Heritable variation - Human genetics - Polymorphism - Mortality - War

Boy or girl? It’s in the father's genes

The work by Corry Gellatly, a research scientist at the university, has shown that men inherit a tendency to have more sons or more daughters from their parents. This means that a man with many brothers is more likely to have sons, while a man with many sisters is more likely to have daughters.

The research, published online today by the journal Evolutionary Biology, involved a study of 927 family trees containing information on 556,387 people from North America and Europe going back to 1600.

"The family tree study showed that whether you’re likely to have a boy or a girl is inherited. We now know that men are more likely to have sons if they have more brothers but are more likely to have daughters if they have more sisters. However, in women, you just can’t predict it," Mr Gellatly explains.

Men determine the sex of a baby depending on whether their sperm is carrying an X or Y chromosome. An X chromosome combines with the mother’s X chromosome to make a baby girl (XX) and a Y chromosome will combine with the mother’s to make a boy (XY).

The study suggests that an as-yet undiscovered gene controls whether a man’s sperm contains more X or more Y chromosomes, which affects the sex of his children. On a larger scale, the number of men with more X sperm compared to the number of men with more Y sperm affects the sex ratio of children born each year.

Sons or daughters?

A gene consists of two parts, known as alleles, one inherited from each parent. In his paper, Mr Gellatly demonstrates that it is likely men carry two different types of allele, which results in three possible combinations in a gene that controls the ratio of X and Y sperm;

• Men with the first combination, known as mm, produce more Y sperm and have more sons.

• The second, known as mf, produce a roughly equal number of X and Y sperm and have an approximately equal number of sons and daughters.

• The third, known as ff produce more X sperm and have more daughters.

“The gene that is passed on from both parents, which causes some men to have more sons and some to have more daughters, may explain why we see the number of men and women roughly balanced in a population. If there are too many males in the population, for example, females will more easily find a mate, so men who have more daughters will pass on more of their genes, causing more females to be born in later generations,” says Mr Gellatly.

More boys born after the wars

In many of the countries that fought in the World Wars, there was a sudden increase in the number of boys born afterwards. The year after World War I ended, an extra two boys were born for every 100 girls in the UK, compared to the year before the war started. The gene, which Mr Gellatly has described in his research, could explain why this happened.

As the odds were in favour of men with more sons seeing a son return from the war, those sons were more likely to father boys themselves because they inherited that tendency from their fathers. In contrast, men with more daughters may have lost their only sons in the war and those sons would have been more likely to father girls. This would explain why the men that survived the war were more likely to have male children, which resulted in the boy-baby boom.

In most countries, for as long as records have been kept, more boys than girls have been born. In the UK and US, for example, there are currently about 105 males born for every 100 females.

It is well-documented that more males die in childhood and before they are old enough to have children. So in the same way that the gene may cause more boys to be born after wars, it may also cause more boys to be born each year.

How does the gene work?

The trees, below, illustrate how the gene works. It is a simplified example, in which men either have only sons, only daughters, or equal numbers of each, though in reality it is less clear cut. It shows that although the gene has no effect in females, they also carry the gene and pass it to their children.

In the first family tree (A) the grandfather is mm, so all his children are male. He only passes on the m allele, so his children are more likely to have the mm combination of alleles themselves. As a result, those sons may also have only sons (as shown). The grandsons have the mf combination of alleles, because they inherited an m from their father and an f from their mother. As a result, they have an equal number of sons and daughters (the great grandchildren).

In the second tree (B) the grandfather is ff, so all his children are female, they have the ff combination of alleles because their father and mother were both ff. One of the female children has her own children with a male who has the mm combination of alleles. That male determines the sex of the children, so the grandchildren are all male. The grandsons have the mf combination of alleles, because they inherited an m from their father and f from their mother. As a result, they have an equal number of sons and daughters (the great-grandchildren).


Academic paper: Trends in Population Sex Ratios May be Explained by Changes in the Frequencies of Polymorphic Alleles of a Sex Ratio Gene. Corry Gellatly.

Published in: Evolutionary Biology, DOI 10.1007/s11692-008-9046-3

Press Releases - - Newcastle University

published on: 11th December 2008

Sunday, December 14, 2008

home grown food for your amcestors

Allotment History, A Brief History of Allotments in the UK: "In the UK, allotments are small parcels of land rented to individuals usually for the purpose of growing food crops. There is no set standard size but the most common plot is 10 rods, an ancient measurement equivalent to 302 square yards or 253 square metres."

Danmark Sammenslutningen af Lokalarkiver DANISH local archive collections

Linkanbefalinger fra Sammenslutningen af Lokalarkiver

Om at aflevere

Når et materiale er blevet modtaget af et arkiv, bliver det pakket i specielle arkivkasser, som giver de bedste muligheder for bevaring. Materialet bliver også registeret, så interesserede kan finde frem til det ... også om 100 eller 200 år.

Ingen har pligt til at aflevere materiale til lokalarkivernes samlinger. Derfor er bevaringen af de dokumenter, der kan skrive lokalsamfundets historie, afhængig af, at såvel private som firmaer og foreninger tilbyder materiale til arkiverne

Hvis man kommer i besiddelse af arkivalier, fotos etc. - fx ved oprydning, nedlæggelse af foreninger, ordning af dødsbo etc. bør man aldrig smide dem væk, før man har spurgt et arkiv, om materialet har interesse.

Aflevering til lokalarkiver i Sammenslutningen af Lokalarkiver

Sammenslutningen af Lokalarkiver: "Nødråb!

Sekretariatet og Hotline har travlt.
Det er derfor besluttet at indskrænke telefontiden resten af 2008 til:
mandag - torsdag kl. 12:00 - 15:00 og fredag lukket.
Tel. Sekretariat: 7584 0898 Tel. Hotline: 7640 1380


Klik på regionen, hvor det arkiv, du er interesseret i, findes

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oversigten på linksiden.

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